Ular Dandaung

Sabtu, Juli 5th, 2014

Once upon a time, lays a great kingdom. The region of the kingdom are rich in natural resources the people of the kingdom are prosperous, because the kingdom is lead by a wise king. Many people coma to the kingdom and lives there. The prosperity is well spread among the people of the kingdom. The other kingdoms are amazed and respect the kingdom because of the prosperity. They are getting some benefits too with fair trades with the kingdom.

Unfortunately, peace did not last long. Unexpected disaster came upon them. They are not attacked by enemies who envied the prosperity and harmony of the kingdom, but by a giant bird that suddenly appeared. The sky became pitch black as the bird’s body is very big. Flap wings deafening. Because the invasion of giant bird was so sudden, the people of the kingdom of extraordinary panic. They are confused and do not know what to do deal with that atmosphere. They thought doomsday had arrived. In the blink of an eye, the kingdom was destroyed perish with everything in it. Building razed to the ground. Trees fall. People met death by falling trees or buried in the rubble of their homes and buildings. Like a lost country, which previously fertile prosperous kingdom into an open field. No plants, animals and humans there, accept the king with the empress and the seventh daughter. They are confused and scared, perhaps came the second attack. If that happened, this is the end their history. With the giant bird is easy to see them because not even a leaf weeds can be a place for shelter.


However, they remain thankful to God because they have survived the catastrophe. In the uncertain situation, they were surprised again by events that made them increasingly desperate. I do not know where it came from; all of a sudden a giant snake is appears in front of them. The snake opened its mouth so big and venomous tongue moving in and out of her mouth. King along with the empress and the seven daughters gathered into one group. The king thought, if they should die, at least they die together although as a giant snake prey.

Snake dandaung “Your majesty needs not be afraid,” suddenly the snake speak the human language. “I’m not going to interfere with His Excellency, the empress, and the daughters of your majesty, if your majesty granted one of my requests.

The king is surprised to hear the giant snakes could speak human language

“Who are you? What is your wish? “The king asked
“My name is Dandaung”said the giant snake. “I want to marry one of his Majesty’s daughters.”

The king stunned for a moment, after hearing the request of Dandaung Snake. A giant snake wanted to marry his daughter? It makes no sense to marry a human with a snake. But he did not dare to refuse for fear of consequences.

“I do not deny, but did not receive your proposal,” said the king. “I must ask this to my daughter one by one!”

The king asked his daughter one by one. The eldest daughter until the sixth one, refused to marry the Dandaung Snake. The king gets worry about the consequences they will receive if his entire daughter refused.

“I’m willing to be his wife,” youngest daughter said to his father

The youngest daughter decision made her older sister mocking her. But her decision is already set and cannot be changed. They soon married.


In their first night, the youngest daughter woke up from sleep. She was very surprised because it was not Snake Dandaung lying on his side but a handsome man. The man said to his wife, “I’m not someone else, I’m your husband, the Snake Dandaung. I am a king who was freed from the curse. ”

The king and queen were surprised to see the incident. However, they were proud to him, who is very handsome, and a royal degree. The other princess feels regrets and wondering why they would not want to accept the marriage proposal.

The man also have great skill, a giant bird that destroys the royal can be conquered and killed. He also builds up a new empire, complete with all equipment and buildings. The people come again and live in the kingdoms territory, they believe that living in the new kingdom will make them feel comfort and guarded from the giant birds attack. They also have heard about the king’s wisdom and the prosperity of the kingdom in the past. The king now ruled the new kingdom once again. He is replaced by the snake Dandaung in the later time and live happily ever after with his wife.


Danau Toba

Sabtu, Juli 5th, 2014

Once upon a time there was a prosperous village in a far away island called Sumatra. In northern part of the island, lived a farmer whose name was Toba. He lived alone in a hut by a small forest. He worked on his farmland to grow rice and vegetables that he sells to local market. Once day he wanted to catch some fish so he went to a river and fished there. He was very surprised when he got a big fish. The fish was as big as human being. Soon he went home and put the fish in his kitchen. He planned to cook the fish for his dinner that night. When he got to his house that afternoon he took a bath. Then as he walked into his bedroom after taking a bath Toba was very shocked. Do you want to know what happened?


There stood in his living room a very beautiful girl. The girl greeted him nicely. For a moment Toba was speechless. When he could control his emotion he asked her.


‘Who are you? What’s your name? Why suddenly you are here in my house?’


‘Pardon me if I surprised you Mr. Toba, but you took me here. I was the fish that you caught in the river. Now that I become a human being again, I would like to thank you and I will be your servant to express my thankfulness’


‘Were you the fish?’


‘Yes, I was the fish. Look at your kitchen’.


Toba immediately rushed to his kitchen and the fish was nowhere to be seen. He saw some gold coins instead.


‘Whose coins are these? Why there are some coins here?’

‘Those coins are mine. As I changed into human being my scales changed into gold coins’


‘Ok you can live here and work for me. Your room is over there’


‘Thank you very much Mr. Toba’


Since that day the beautiful girl lived in Toba’s house. Since she was very beautiful Toba fell in love with her and not long after that they got married. The girl married to Toba on one condition that he would never tell anybody about her past. Toba agreed to the condition. Several months later Toba’s wife delivered to a baby boy. Their son was healthy. Soon he grew up into a handsome boy. Toba named him Samosir. Unfortunately Samosir was a lazy boy. He did not want to work at all. When his father worked hard in his rice field and farm, Samosir just slept. When he was awake he talked a lot and he ate a lot. Toba was very disappointed with his son’s nature. He hoped that one day Samosir would change into a diligent boy. Day in and day out but Samosir never changed.


Toba used to go to his farm and rice field early in the morning. Then at midday his wife would bring him food. They used to eat lunch at their farm. As he was a teenager Toba and his wife tried to change his behavior. They ordered Samosir to bring food for his father for lunch while her mother stayed at home to do household chores. But Samosir never did his duty well. He always woke up very late. He woke up after midday. Then one day his mother forced him to bring the food.


‘Sam, wake up. Go to the farm and bring the food for your father. He must be very tired and hungry now’.

But Mom, I am tired and hungry too’


‘What makes you tired? You just wake up. Go now. You father needs the food’


Toba reluctantly went to the farm. But he did not go to the farm immediately. He stopped somewhere in the street and ate the food. It was already late afternoon when he got to the farm. His father was disappointed. Then he was angry as he realized that his son had eaten his food. He said sarcastically.


‘O, you are stupid lazy boy. You are son of a fish!’


Samosir was hurt. He went home right away and as he got home he told his mother about his father’s words. Samosir’s mother was shocked. She was also deeply hurt.


‘O Toba. You break your promise so I cannot live with you here anymore. Now you have to accept to consequence of what you did. Samosir, now go to the hill, find the tallest tree and climb it’


‘Why mom? What will happen?’


‘Just do it, never ask any question. Good bye’


As soon as she finished saying that suddenly the weather changed. Sunny day suddenly turned into cloudy day. Not long after that the rain poured heavily. The rain last for several days. Consequently the area was flooded. The whole area became a big lake. Then it was called Lake Toba and in the middle of the lake there is an island called Samosir Island. Meanwhile Toba’s wife disappeared.


Lake Toba is located in the province of North Sumatra, Indonesia. Today it becomes a tourist destination.

Telaga Warna

Sabtu, Juli 5th, 2014

Long, long ago there was a kingdom in West Java. The kingdom was ruled by a king. People called their king His Majesty Prabu. Prabu was a kind and wise king. No wonder if that country was prosperous. There’s no hunger in this kingdom.


It was a very happy condition. But it was a pity that Prabu and his queen hadn’t got any children. It made the royal couple very, very sad. Some old men and women who was respected by Prabu suggested the king to adopt a child. But Prabu and the queen didn’t agree. “No, thank you. But for us, our own daughter or son is better than adopted children.”


The queen was very sad. She often cried. That was why Prabu decided to go. He went to the jungle. There he prayed to God. Everyday he begged for a child. His dream came true. A few months later, the queen got pregnant. All people in the kingdom felt happy. They sent many presents to the palace to express their happiness.


Nine months later a princess was born. People sent their presents again as a gift to a little princess. This baby grew as a beautiful teenager then.


Prabu and Queen loved their daughter so much. They gave what ever she wanted. It made Princess a very spoiled girl. When her wish couldn’t be realized, she became very angry. She even said bad things often. A true princess wouldn’t do that. Even though the princess behaved badly, her parents loved her, so did the people in that kingdom.


Day by day, the princess grew more beautiful. No girls could compare with her. In a few days, Princess would be 17 years old. So, people of that kingdom went to palace. They brought many presents for her. Their presents gift were very beautiful. Prabu collected the presents. There were really many presents. Then Prabu stored them in a building. Some times he could take them to give to his people.


Prabu only took some gold and jewels. Then she brought them to the goldsmith. “Please make a beautiful necklace for my daughter,” said Prabu. “My pleasure, Your Majesty,” the goldsmith replied. The goldsmith worked with all his heart and his ability. He wanted to create the most beautiful necklace in the world because he loved his princess.
The birthday came. People gathered in the palace field. When Prabu and queen appeared, people welcomed them happily. Prabu and his wife waved to their beloved people.


Cheers were louder and louder when the princess appeared with her fabulous pretty face. Everybody admired her beauty. Prabu got up from his chair. A lady gave him a small and glamorous pillow. A wonderful necklace was on it. Prabu took that necklace. “My beloved daughter, today I give this necklace to you. This necklace is a gift from people in this country. They love you so much. They presented it for you to express their happiness, because you have growing to a woman. Please, wear this necklace,” said Prabu.


Princess accepted the necklace. She looked at the necklace in a glance. “I don’t want to accept it! It’s ugly!” shouted the princess. Then she threw the necklace. The beautiful necklace was broken. The gold and jewels were spread out on the floor


Everybody couldn’t say anything. They never thought that their beloved princess would do that cruel thing. Nobody spoke. In their silence people heard the queen crying. Every woman felt sad and began crying too. Then everybody was crying.


Then there was a miracle. Earth was crying. Suddenly, from the under ground, a spring emerged. It made a pool of water. The palace was getting full. Soon the place became a big lake. The lake sank all of the kingdom.


Nowadays the water on that lake is not as full as before. There is only a small lake now. People called the lake “Talaga Warna”. It is mean “Lake of Colour”. It’s located in Puncak, West Java. On a bright day, the lake is full of colour. So beautiful and amazing. These colors come from shadows of forest, plants, flowers, and sky around the lake. But some people said that the colours are from the princess’s necklace, which spreads at the bottom of the lake.

The Legend of Danau Maninjau

Sabtu, Juli 5th, 2014

Long ago, in an area in west sumatra, there is a very active volcano named Mount Tinjau. In one village at the foot of Tinjau’s brothers lived ten people consisting of nine men and one woman. Ordinary citizens about their call Bujang Sembilan. These ten brothers are Kukuban, Kudun, Bayua, Malintang, Galapuang, Balok, Batang,Bayang, and the youngest man named Kaciak. While their brother the youngest was a girl named Siti Rasani, nicknamed Sani. Both their parents died long ago, so Kukuban as the eldest son became the head of household. All decisions in his hand.


Tenth brothers lived in a house of their parents’ heritage. To make ends meet, they worked on farms large enough legacy of their parents. They are very skilled at farming, because they diligently to help his father and mother when they were alive. In addition, they are also guided by their uncle named Datuk Limbatang, which they called Engku familiar.

Datuk Limbatang is a mamak in the village and has a son named Giran. As a mamak, Datuk Limbatang have great responsibility to educate and watched the life of its citizens, including the nephew’s tenth man. For that, every other day, he visited the house Kukuban brothers to teach them farming skills and various customs procedures for the area. Not infrequently Datuk Limbatang also took his wife and son to participate with him.


On one day, when Datuk Limbatang with his wife and visited the house of Bujang Sembilan, Sani accidentally exchanged Giran. Apparently, both boys and girls are equally placed liver. Sani was invited to meet Giran in a field on the riverbank. With hearts pounding, Giran even express his feelings to Sani.


Datuk Limbatang wanted to marry his son with Sani. But the elder brother Sani, Kukuban, did not agree because Giran has been embarrass him in the martial arts arena. But eventually Datuk Limbatang not force.

One day, Giran found treat wounds in the thigh Sani. But people think they do custom distortion. Sani and Garin brought to court. They try to convince citizens that they did not do anything.
After that, of the second Giran lifted his hand to the sky and praying. “My God! Please hear and grant our prayers. If we were really guilty, destroy our bodies in the water hot crater of this mountain. However, if we are not guilty, this mountain letuskanlah and curses Bujang Sembilan to fish!”

It turned out that prayer was answered. Sani and Giran jump down and submerged in the water crater. Mountain erupted, Bujang Sembilan into fish. Over time the crater of Mount View expanded and formed a lake which we now know as Lake Maninjau.

The Angel

Sabtu, Juli 5th, 2014

Once upon a time there was a child ready to be born. One day the child asked God, “They tell me you are going to send me to earth tomorrow but how am I going to live there being so small and helpless?” God replied, “Among the many angels I have chosen one for you. She will be waiting for you and will take care of you.”


Said child, “But tell me here in Heaven I don’t do anything else but sing and smile. That’s what I need to be happy!” God replied, “Your angel will sing for you every day. And you will feel your angel’s love and be happy.”


And, said the child, “How am I going to be able to understand when people talk to me, if I don’t know the language that men talk?” “That’s easy”, God said, “Your angel will tell you the most beautiful and sweet words you will ever hear, and with much patience and care, your angel will teach you how to speak.” The child looked up at God saying, “And what am I going to do when I want to talk to you?” God smiled at the child saying, “Your angel will teach you how to pray.”


The child said, “I’ve heard on earth there are bad men. Who will protect me?” God replied, “Your angel will defend you, even if it means risking life!” The child looked sad, saying, “But I will always be sad because I will not see you anymore.” God replied, “Your angel will always talk to you about me and will teach you the way to come back to me, even though I will always be next to you.”


At that moment there was much peace in Heaven, but voices from earth could already be heard.


The child in a hurry, asked softly, “Oh God, if I am about to leave now please tell me my angel’s name!” God replied, Your angel’s name is of no importance… you will simply call her MOTHER!

5W + 1H, Yes/No Question and Tag Questions

Sabtu, Juli 5th, 2014

1. 5W + 1H    : An Effective Approach to Collecting and Presenting Key


Information Question (5W+1H)


The questions answered in the lead of a conventional newspaper article: who, what, when, where, why and how. Information questions are also called “Wh-” questions because many of the words that are used to ask this type of question begin with Wh-.


The 5Ws + H formula has been attributed to English rhetorician Thomas Wilson, who introduced the method in his discussion of the “seven circumstances” of medieval rhetoric

To be a journalist 5W 1H is very important, especially to write “lede” (some call it “leads”) news, which is a paragraph (or two paragraphs) opening news. In approximately 35-40 words, should insert the 5W 1H. It was in the news writing.



B. The Basic Approach
This approach seeks to answer six basic questions in gathering information about nearly any subject: Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How. Sometimes, depending on the context, a second “H” might be used: How Much. In journalism, news story writing requires that the questions to be answered take a basic form:
1. Who is it about?
2. What is it about?
3. When did it happen?
4. Where did it happen?
5. Why did it happen?
6. How did it happen?

Applying the 5W1H framework to other types of writing or investigation takes some interpretation. The order in which the answers to the questions is presented may vary, but the “what” is usually addressed first.


In journalism, the “what” identifies an event and is often stated in the “lead (or lede),” the first paragraph of a news story. The “what” is the primary subject, the reason the information is being gathered and presented. Apart from journalism, it may be stated in a title and in a purpose statement. The “what” may need to be defined, a process that may comprise the remainder of a document. Example :    What, specifically,…?


A news story identifies who an event involves. The “who” may be part of the lede, and could be the reason the story is news worthy. In other contexts, the “who” identifies the persons or groups the “what” concerns. It might describe the audience of a document, or those who are affected by a policy, process or procedure. Example :    Who benefits?


A key part of a news story is describing when an event happened. Answering the “when” indicates any time sensitivity related to the “what.” It may be part of an instruction regarding the proper point at which a action should be taken. Sometimes it may be part of an “If…then” scenario of conditional action. Example :    When will it start/end?


A news story reports the location at which an event took place. The “where” describes a geographical or physical location of importance to the “what.” At times, the where may be less important than other factors. Example :    Where are you?


The “why” is usually the most neglected of the questions in the framework. News stories often lack information from authoritative sources to explain the “why.” In other contexts, the “why” may be considered irrelevant, particularly when describing a policy or procedure decreed by an organizational authority. Efforts to ascertain and explain the “why” may help those affected be more accepting of any change the “what” requires. Example :    Why does that happen?


For journalists, determining how an event took place may be nearly as challenging as explaining the “why,” although more effort is usually put to satisfying the question. When describing policies, processes or procedures, the how may be the most important part of the effort. A considerable appetite for understanding how to do something can be found across audiences. Sometimes effort focuses on the “what” when more work should be devoted to explaining the “how.” Example :    How much?


The 5W1H framework can be applied to any topic at any level of granularity to gather, analyze and present information from the simplest to the most complex. Attributed to a Rudyard Kipling poem, 5W1H is the place to start and may be enough to take you to the finish.





2. Yes/No Question


The answers for simple questions in English are “Yes,”,”No,” or “I don’t know” (or its equivalent). The answers for information questions are varied–because they are used to ask about specific kinds of information.

There are 2 types of interrogative sentence in English (question words), namely:

  1. The WH question words
  2. Yes or no questions


Yes-no question can be made by changing the declarative sentence (statement). You have to know which one subject, the main verb (not followed by any verb), and helping / auxiliary verb (primary auxiliary verb / capital). Brief explanation is as follows.
Examples and Observations:
Homer: Are you an angel?
Moe    : Yes, Homer. All us angels wear Farrah slacks.
(The Simpsons)

“Directing a movie is a very overrated job, we all know it. You just have to say ‘yes’ or ‘no.’ What else do you do? Nothing. ‘Maestro, should this be red?’ Yes. ‘Green?’ No. ‘More extras?’ Yes. ‘More lipstick?’ No. Yes. No. Yes. No. That’s directing.” (Judi Dench as Liliane La Fleur in Nine, 2009).
Principal McGee: Are you just going to stand there all day?
Sonny: No ma’am. I mean, yes ma’am. I mean, no ma’am.
Principal McGee: Well, which is it?
Sonny: Um, no ma’am.
(Eve Arden and Michael Tucci in Grease, 1978)

The yes-no question is found in three varieties: the inverted question, the typical exemplar of this kind; the inverted question offering an alternative (which may require more than a simple yes or no for an answer); and the tag question:
Are you going? (inversion)
Are you staying or going? (inversion with alternative)
You’re going, aren’t you? (tag)


3. Tag Questions
in a tag question, the speaker makes a statement, but is not completely certain of the truth, so he or she uses a tag question to verify the previous statement. Sentences using tag questions should have the main clause separated from the tag by a comma. The sentence will always end a question mark.Example:
1. There are only twenty-eight days in February, aren’t there?
2. It’s raining now, isn’t it?
3. The boys don’t have class tomorrow, do they?
4. You and i talked with the professor yesterday, didn’t we?
5. Jill and Joe have been to Mexico, haven’t they


Selasa, Juli 31st, 2012

Pada waktu umat manusia dalam kegelapan dan suasana jahiliyyah, lahirlah seorang bayi pada 12 Rabiul Awal tahun Gajah di Makkah. Bayi yang dilahirkan bakal membawa perubahan besar bagi sejarah peradaban manusia. Bapa bayi tersebut bernama Abdullah bin Abdul Mutallib yang telah wafat sebelum baginda dilahirkan iaitu sewaktu baginda 7 bulan dalam kandungan ibu. Ibunya bernama Aminah binti Wahab. Kehadiran bayi itu disambut dengan penuh kasih sayang dan dibawa ke ka’abah, kemudian diberikan nama Muhammad, nama yang belum pernah wujud sebelumnya.

Selepas itu Muhammad disusukan selama beberapa hari oleh Thuwaiba, budak suruhan Abu Lahab sementara menunggu kedatangan wanita dari Banu Sa’ad. Adat menyusukan bayi sudah menjadi kebiasaan bagi bangsawan-bangsawan Arab di Makkah. Akhir tiba juga wanita dari Banu Sa’ad yang bernama Halimah bin Abi-Dhuaib yang pada mulanya tidak mahu menerima baginda kerana Muhammad seorang anak yatim. Namun begitu, Halimah membawa pulang juga Muhammad ke pedalaman dengan harapan Tuhan akan memberkati keluarganya. Sejak diambilnya Muhammad sebagai anak susuan, kambing ternakan dan susu kambing-kambing tersebut semakin bertambah. Baginda telah tinggal selama 2 tahun di Sahara dan sesudah itu Halimah membawa baginda kembali kepada Aminah dan membawa pulang semula ke pedalaman.

Kisah Dua Malaikat dan Pembedahan Dada Muhammad

Pada usia dua tahun, baginda didatangi oleh dua orang malaikat yang muncul sebagai lelaki yang berpakaian putih. Mereka bertanggungjawab untuk membedah Muhammad. Pada ketika itu, Halimah dan suaminya tidak menyedari akan kejadian tersebut. Hanya anak mereka yang sebaya menyaksikan kedatangan kedua malaikat tersebut lalu mengkhabarkan kepada Halimah. Halimah lantas memeriksa keadaan Muhammad, namun tiada kesan yang aneh ditemui.

Muhammad tinggal di pedalaman bersama keluarga Halimah selama lima tahun. Selama itu baginda mendapat kasih sayang, kebebasan jiwa dan penjagaan yang baik daripada Halimah dan keluarganya. Selepas itu baginda dibawa pulang kepada datuknya Abdul Mutallib di Makkah.

Datuk baginda, Abdul Mutallib amat menyayangi baginda. Ketika Aminah membawa anaknya itu ke Madinah untuk bertemu dengan saudara-maranya, mereka ditemani oleh Umm Aiman, budak suruhan perempuan yang ditinggalkan oleh bapa baginda. Baginda ditunjukkan tempat wafatnya Abdullah serta tempat dia dikuburkan.

Sesudah sebulan mereka berada di Madinah, Aminah pun bersiap sedia untuk pulang semula ke Makkah. Dia dan rombongannya kembali ke Makkah menaiki dua ekor unta yang memang dibawa dari Makkah semasa mereka datang dahulu. Namun begitu, ketika mereka sampai di Abwa, ibunya pula jatuh sakit dan akhirnya meninggal dunia lalu dikuburkan di situ juga.
Muhammad dibawa pulang ke Makkah oleh Umm Aiman dengan perasaan yang sangat sedih. Maka jadilah Muhammad sebagai seorang anak yatim piatu. Tinggallah baginda dengan datuk yang dicintainya dan bapa-bapa saudaranya.

“Bukankah Dia mendapatimu sebagai seorang yatim, lalu Dia melindungimu. Dan Dia mendapatimu sebagai seorang yang bingung lalu Dia memberikan petunjuk” (Surah Ad-Dhuha, 93: 6-7)

Abdul Mutallib Wafat

Kegembiraannya bersama datuk baginda tidak bertahan lama. Ketika baginda berusia lapan tahun, datuk baginda pula meninggal dunia. Kematian Abdul Mutallib menjadi satu kehilangan besar buat Bani Hashim. Dia mempunyai keteguhan hati, berwibawa, pandangan yang bernas, terhormat dan berpengaruh dikalangan orang Arab. Dia selalu menyediakan makanan dan minuman kepada para tetamu yang berziarah dan membantu penduduk Makkah yang dalam kesusahan.

Muhammad diasuh oleh Abu Talib

Selepas kewafatan datuk baginda, Abu Talib mengambil alih tugas bapanya untuk menjaga anak saudaranya Muhammad. Walaupun Abu Talib kurang mampu berbanding saudaranya yang lain, namun dia mempunyai perasaan yang paling halus dan terhormat di kalangan orang-orang Quraisy.Abu Talib menyayangi Muhammad seperti dia menyayangi anak-anaknya sendiri. Dia juga tertarik dengan budi pekerti Muhammad yang mulia.

Pada suatu hari, ketika mereka berkunjung ke Syam untuk berdagang sewaktu Muhammad berusia 12 tahun, mereka bertemu dengan seorang rahib Kristian yang telah dapat melihat tanda-tanda kenabian pada baginda. Lalu rahib tersebut menasihati Abu Talib supaya tidak pergi jauh ke daerah Syam kerana dikhuatiri orang-orang Yahudi akan menyakiti baginda sekiranya diketahui tanda-tanda tersebut. Abu Talib mengikut nasihat rahib tersebut dan dia tidaak banyak membawa harta dari perjalanan tersebut. Dia pulang segera ke Makkah dan mengasuh anak-anaknya yang ramai. Muhammad juga telah menjadi sebahagian dari keluarganya. Baginda mengikut mereka ke pekan-pekan yang berdekatan dan mendengar sajak-sajak oleh penyair-penyair terkenal dan pidato-pidato oleh penduduk Yahudi yang anti Arab.

Baginda juga diberi tugas sebagai pengembala kambing. Baginda mengembala kambing keluarganya dan kambing penduduk Makkah. Baginda selalu berfikir dan merenung tentang kejadian alam semasa menjalankan tugasnya. Oleh sebab itu baginda jauh dari segala pemikiran manusia nafsu manusia duniawi. Baginda terhindar daripada perbuatan yang sia-sia, sesuai dengan gelaran yang diberikan iaitu “Al-Amin”.

Selepas baginda mula meningkat dewasa, baginda disuruh oleh bapa saudaranya untuk membawa barang dagangan Khadijah binti Khuwailid, seorang peniaga yang kaya dan dihormati. Baginda melaksanakan tugasnya dengan penuh ikhlas dan jujur. Khadijah amat tertarik dengan perwatakan mulia baginda dan keupayaan baginda sebagai seorang pedagang. Lalu dia meluahkan rasa hatinya untuk berkahwin dengan Muhammad yang berusia 25 tahun ketika itu. Wanita bangsawan yang berusia 40 tahun itu sangat gembira apabila Muhammad menerima lamarannya lalu berlangsunglah perkahwinan mereka berdua. Bermulalah lembaran baru dalam hidup Muhammad dan Khadijah sebagai suami isteri.

Turunnya Wahyu Pertama

Pada usia 40 tahun, Muhammad telah menerima wahyu yang pertama dan diangkat sebagai nabi sekelian alam. Ketika itu, baginda berada di Gua Hira’ dan sentiasa merenung dalam kesunyian, memikirkan nasib umat manusia pada zaman itu. Maka datanglah Malaikat Jibril menyapa dan menyuruhnya membaca ayat quran yang pertama diturunkan kepada Muhammad.

“Bacalah dengan nama Tuhanmu Yang menciptakan” (Al-‘Alaq, 96: 1)

Rasulullah pulang dengan penuh rasa gementar lalu diselimuti oleh Khadijah yang cuba menenangkan baginda. Apabila semangat baginda mulai pulih, diceritakan kepada Khadijah tentang kejadian yang telah berlaku.

Kemudian baginda mula berdakwah secara sembunyi-sembunyi bermula dengan kaum kerabatnya untuk mengelakkan kecaman yang hebat daripada penduduk Makkah yang menyembah berhala. Khadijah isterinya adalah wanita pertama yang mempercayai kenabian baginda. Manakala Ali bin Abi Talib adalah lelaki pertama yang beriman dengan ajaran baginda.Dakwah yang sedemikian berlangsung selama tiga tahun di kalangan keluarganya sahaja.

Dakwah Secara Terang-terangan

Setelah turunnya wahyu memerintahkan baginda untuk berdakwah secara terang-terangan, maka Rasulullah pun mula menyebarkan ajaran Islam secara lebih meluas.

“Maka sampaikanlah olehmu secara terang-terangan segala apa yang diperintahkan (kepadamu) dan berpalinglah dari orang-orang yang musyrik.” (Al-Hijr, 15:94)

Namun begitu, penduduk Quraisy menentang keras ajaran yang dibawa oleh baginda. Mereka memusuhi baginda dan para pengikut baginda termasuk Abu Lahab, bapa saudara baginda sendiri. Tidak pula bagi Abu Talib, dia selalu melindungi anak saudaranya itu namun dia sangat risau akan keselamatan Rasulullah memandangkan tentangan yang hebat dari kaum Quraisy itu. Lalu dia bertanya tentang rancangan Rasulullah seterusnya. Lantas jawab Rasulullah yang bermaksud:

“Wahai bapa saudaraku, andai matahari diletakkan diletakkan di tangan kiriku dan bulan di tangan kananku, agar aku menghentikan seruan ini, aku tidak akan menghentikannya sehingga agama Allah ini meluas ke segala penjuru atau aku binasa kerananya”

Baginda menghadapi pelbagai tekanan, dugaan, penderitaan, cemuhan dan ejekan daripada penduduk-penduduk Makkah yang jahil dan keras hati untuk beriman dengan Allah. Bukan Rasulullah sahaja yang menerima tentangan yang sedemikian, malah para sahabatnya juga turut merasai penderitaan tersebut seperti Amar dan Bilal bin Rabah yang menerima siksaan yang berat.

Wafatnya Khadijah dan Abu Talib

Rasulullah amat sedih melihat tingkahlaku manusia ketika itu terutama kaum Quraisy kerana baginda tahu akan akibat yang akan diterima oleh mereka nanti. Kesedihan itu makin bertambah apabila isteri kesayangannya wafat pada tahun sepuluh kenabiaannya. Isteri bagindalah yang tidak pernah jemu membantu menyebarkan Islam dan mengorbankan jiwa serta hartanya untuk Islam. Dia juga tidak jemu menghiburkan Rasulullah di saat baginda dirundung kesedihan.

Pada tahun itu juga bapa saudara baginda Abu Talib yang mengasuhnya sejak kecil juga meninggal dunia. Maka bertambahlah kesedihan yang dirasai oleh Rasulullah kerana kehilangan orang-orang yang amat disayangi oleh baginda.

Hijrah Ke Madinah

Tekanan orang-orang kafir terhadap perjuangan Rasulullah semakin hebat selepas kepergian isteri dan bapa saudara baginda. Maka Rasulullah mengambil keputusan untuk berhijrah ke Madinah berikutan ancaman daripada kafir Quraisy untuk membunuh baginda.

Rasulullah disambut dengan meriahnya oleh para penduduk Madinah. Mereka digelar kaum Muhajirin manakala penduduk-penduduk Madinah dipanggil golongan Ansar. Seruan baginda diterima baik oleh kebanyakan para penduduk Madinah dan sebuah negara Islam didirikan di bawah pimpinan Rasulullas s.a.w sendiri.

Negara Islam Madinah

Negara Islam yang baru dibina di Madinah mendapat tentangan daripada kaum Quraisy di Makkah dan gangguan dari penduduk Yahudi serta kaum bukan Islam yang lain. Namun begitu, Nabi Muhammad s.a.w berjaya juga menubuhkan sebuah negara Islam yang mengamalkan sepenuhnya pentadbiran dan perundangan yang berlandaskan syariat Islam. Baginda dilantik sebagai ketua agama, tentera dan negara. Semua rakyat mendapat hak yang saksama. Piagam Madinah yang merupakan sebuah kanun atau perjanjian bertulis telah dibentuk. Piagam ini mengandungi beberapa fasal yang melibatkan hubungan antara semua rakyat termasuk kaum bukan Islam dan merangkumi aspek politik, sosial, agama, ekonomi dan ketenteraan. Kandungan piagam adalah berdasarkan wahyu dan dijadikan dasar undang-undang Madinah.

Islam adalah agama yang mementingkan kedamaian. Namun begitu, aspek pertahanan amat penting bagi melindungi agama, masyarakat dan negara. Rasulullah telah menyertai 27 kali ekspedisi tentera untuk mempertahan dan menegakkan keadilan Islam. Peperangan yang ditempuhi baginda ialah Perang Badar (623 M/2 H), Perang Uhud (624 M/3 H), Perang Khandak (626 M/5 H) dan Perang Tabuk (630 M/9 H). Namun tidak semua peperangan diakhiri dengan kemenangan.

Pada tahun 625 M/ 4 Hijrah, Perjanjian Hudaibiyah telah dimeterai antara penduduk Islam Madinah dan kaum Musyrikin Makkah. Maka dengan itu, negara Islam Madinah telah diiktiraf. Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. juga telah berjaya membuka semula kota Makkah pada 630 M/9 H bersama dengan 10 000 orang para pengikutnya.

Perang terakhir yang disertai oleh Rasulullah ialah Perang Tabuk dan baginda dan pengikutnya berjaya mendapat kemenangan. Pada tahun berikutnya, baginda telah menunaikan haji bersama-sama dengan 100 000 orang pengikutnya. Baginda juga telah menyampaikan amanat baginda yang terakhir pada tahun itu juga. Sabda baginda yang bermaksud:

“Wahai sekalian manusia, ketahuilah bahawa Tuhan kamu Maha Esa dan kamu semua adalah daripada satu keturunan iaitu keturunan Nabi Adam a.s. Semulia-mulia manusia di antara kamu di sisi Allah s.w.t. ialah orang yang paling bertakwa. Aku telah tinggalkan kepada kamu dua perkara dan kamu tidak akan sesat selama-lamanya selagi kamu berpegang teguh dengan dua perkara itu, iaitu kitab al-Quran dan Sunnah Rasulullah.”

Wafatnya Nabi Muhammad s.a.w

Baginda telah wafat pada bulan Jun tahun 632 M/12 Rabiul Awal tahun 11 Hijrah. Baginda wafat setelah selesai melaksanakan tugasnya sebagai rasul dan pemimpin negara. Baginda berjaya membawa manusia ke jalan yang benar dan menjadi seorang pemimpin yang bertanggungjawab, berilmu dan berkebolehan. Rasulullah adalah contoh terbaik bagi semua manusia sepanjang zaman.


Selasa, Maret 20th, 2012

KOMPAS.com berdiri pada tahun 1997 dengan nama Kompas Online. Saat itu, Kompas Online hanya berperan sebagai edisi internet dari Harian Kompas. Kemudian pada tahun 1998 Kompas Online merubah namanya menjadi KOMPAS.com dengan berfokus pada pengembangan isi, desain, dan strategi pemasaran yang baru. KOMPAS.com pun memulai langkahnya sebagai portal berita terpercaya di Indonesia.

Sepuluh tahun kemudian, pada tahun 2008 KOMPAS.com tampil dengan perubahan penampilan yang signifikan. Mengusung ide “Reborn”, KOMPAS.com membawa logo, tata letak, hingga konsep baru di dalamnya. Lebih kaya, lebih segar, lebih elegan dan tentunya tetap mengedepankan unsur user-friendly dan advertiser-friendly.

Sinergi ini menjadikan KOMPAS.com sebagai sumber informasi lengkap, yang tidak hanya menghadirkan berita dalam bentuk teks, namun juga gambar, video, live streaming.Perubahan ini pun mendorong bertambahnya pengunjung aktif KOMPAS.com di awal tahun 2008 yang mencapai 20 juta pembaca aktif per bulan, dan total 40 juta page views/impression per bulan.

Saat ini,KOMPAS.com telah mencapai 120 juta page view perbulan. Disini saya akan mencoba menganalisa situs kompas.com . pertama saya akan menganalisa isi, lalu tampilan webnya, alignment, proximity, dan navigasi . berikut analisa saya .


Isi dari web kompas tersebut sudah sesuai dengan kebutuhan user. Penyajian informasi sudah jelas dan lengkap dengan berita yang terupdate dari berita nasional hingga internasional dalam berbagi bidang politik, olahraga, bisnis dan keuangan, pengetahuan, dll. Memudahkan user dalam memperoleh informasi yang akurat sesuai dengan keinginan user. Berita-berita yang disajikan oleh web kompas selalu ter-up-date. Hal ini juga dapat dilihat dari terteranya hari,tanggal, bulan, tahun, dan jam pada masing-masing berita yang disajikan.

Tampilan Webnya

Tampilan web tersebut sudah cukup menarik sehingga dapat menimbulkan minat para pembaca untuk membuka web tersebut. Perancang web ini sudah memberikan konsep yang baik. Sesuai dengan tujuannya yakni untuk memberikan informasi dan berita yang nyata, akurat dan up to date. Semua komponen yang terdapat di dalam web ini sudah cukup jelas bagi user karena menu yang disajikan sudah membuat para pembaca web ini dapat mengerti isi dari berita yang di sampaikan. Dengan tampilan halaman web tersebut, setiap user dapat mengakses menu apapun dengan ukuran dan menu yang tidak berubah/konsisten. Setiap warna dari background selalu sama. Sehingga membuat user tidak bingung mencari menu pada setiap halaman yang berbeda. pada web kompas, jenis huruf, ukuran dan warnanya standar. Tetapi pembaca atau user dapat membaca dengan jelas isi dari berita tersebut.


Sudah dikelompokkan sesuai dengan topiknya masing-masing. Sehingga memudahkan user dalam mencari suatu berita dan memberikan pembaca struktur tampilan yg jelas. Jadi tidak usah bingung-bingung lagi.


Pada web ini hanya rata kiri saja pembaca atau user dapat melihat dan membaca web tersebut dengan jelas karena isi web tersebut sudah berisikan berita dan informasi yang lengkap dan up to date.


Navigasi pada web ini dibuat selengkap mungkin guna memudahkan user dalam mencari informasi yang dibutuhkan. Pada web ini navigasinya juga konsisten untuk setiap halaman web. Pada halaman utama, kita sebut index memuat menu-menu pokok yang bersifat umum sehingga pengunjung bisa langsung masuk ke halaman yang dimaksud.

7 Tips Menaikan Nilai IPK

Kamis, Januari 5th, 2012

Memperoleh banyak nilai “A” tidak menjamin sukses dikemudian hari, tapi juga tidak ada ruginya untuk dicapai. IPK yang tinggi akan membuat anda memiliki kesempatan untuk menghasilkan lebih banyak uang, sekolah lebih lanjut, atau memperoleh pekerjaan tertentu dalam karir anda. Jika ada sudah menghabiskan jutaan rupiah untuk kuliah anda, sebaiknya anda memanfaatkannya sebaik mungkin bukan?

Kunci keberhasilan dalam akademi adalah disiplin dan efisien dalam kebiasaan belajar. 7 tips dibahwan ini akan membantu anda meningkatkan IPK anda sekaligus meminimalkan stres dan memaksimalkan waktu belajar anda. Berikut adalah tips menaikan nilai IPK :

1. Masuklah kedalam kelas
– mungkin hal ini terdengar bodoh, tapi ini sangat penting. banyak dosen yang mengajar langsung lewat power point atau menggunakan hand out. Hal tersebut akan membuat anda sangat tergoda untuk meninggalkan kelas, anda akan terpancing untuk meng-kopi bahan yang akan diajarkan dan berusaha belajar sendiri. Walaupun anda memiliki pembelaan terhadap hal yang satu ini, suatu saat anda akan menghadapi masalah, yaitu: Penjelasan verbal yang mendetail yang menjadi kunci untuk mengerti materi kuliah.
– kesempatan untuk bertanya dan mendengarkan pertanyaan dari mahasiswa lain.
– Pengumuman-pengumuman yang tidak terduga
– Kesempatan mendapatkan nilai tambah

Perhatikan juga bahwa membolos dapat mengurangi reputasi anda. Dalam banyak kasus banyak sekali nilai yang diberikan secara subyektif. Jika anda sering membolos anda tidak akan mendapat rasa hormat dari dosen. Mereka akan bertanya mengapa saya harus memberikan anda B+ bukan A-?

2. Duduklah di baris terdepan

Duduk di baris terdepan tidak hanya meberikan anda rasa percaya diri, tapi juga akan mebuat anda terhubung dengan si pengajar. Anda akan terlihat sebagai siswa teladan dan mendapat perhatian dari pengajar. Anda juga akan lebih mudah mempertahankan fokus dan merasakan diri sebagai partisipan bukan hanya pendengar yang pasif.

3. Buatlah catatan kaki
Efek negatif dari Era PowerPoint adalah membuat mahasiswa menjadi malas
mencatat. Membuat catatan kaki akan meningkatkan nilai anda, karena anda akan memperhatikan lebih banyak, dan kegiatan menulis akan membuat ingatan anda akan materi menjadi lebih baik. Catatan kaki anda akan menjadi referensi yang akan memjembatani anda antara konsep tertulis dan penjelasan verbal si pengajar. Ini adalah kunci sebuah pembelajaran yang efisien.

4. Lakukan review setiap minggu
Maslah yang paling sering dialami oleh siswa adalah mencoba menelan semua materi sepanjang semester dalam satu malam. Hal ini adalah sebuah Mission Imposible. Anda akan merasakan lebih banyak kemudahan dengan mencicil. Setidaknya sekali dalam seminggu, lakukanlah review mingguan. Anda hanya membutuhkan paling banyak 20 menit untuk mebuat anda terbiasa dengan materi. Melakukan usaha sedikit demi sedikit akan membantu mengurangi beban anda sehari sebelum ujian.

5. Temui para dosen pada jam kerja
Profesor biasanya akan dapat ditemui pada jam-jam kantor dimana mereka sedang tidak mengajar. Gunakan kesempatan ini untuk bertanya seputar tugas atau materi yang tidak anda mengerti. Pertama hal ini akan membantu anda terutama pada hal-hal yang anda tidak pahami. Kedua anda akan membangun reputasi sebagai mahasiswa yang gigih.

6. Temukan orang pintar untuk anda ajak kerjasama 
Dalam mata kuliah yang membutuhkan kerjasama kelompok, hal ini menjadi sangat penting. Tidak ada yang mau berada satu kelompok dengan para pemalas yang membuat anda mengerjakan segala sesuatunya sendiri dan berakhir dengan nilai jelek. Kualiats pembelajaran anda akan terkait dengan sikap orang-orang yang anda ajak kerjasama. Bekerja dengan orang-orang pintar akan memancing anda untuk berdiskusi. Cara terbaik untuk mengerti sebuah topik adalah dengan membicarakannya dengan orang-orang pintar.

7. Hindari begadang semalaman untuk belajar
Biasanya menjadi seorang yang seperti ini berarti anda mencoba memasukan semua yang ada dalam satu semester pada satu malam. Jika anda menggunakan strategi semacam ini, anda akan gagal. Anda akan menjadi cepat stres dan frustasi karena anda seperti dikejar-kejar waktu. Anda juga memiliki kemungkinan yang lebih tinggi untuk melupakan apa yang telah anda pelajari, jadi hindarilah begadang semalaman!!

sumber : blogspot


Kamis, Oktober 6th, 2011

Merenung aku dalam hening kamarku

Sunyi….tak bernada

Kupejam mata

Kenang setiap masa yang kulewati

Kususun kembali

Puzzle-puzzle hidupku yang penuh warna

Ada tawa…ada tangis…

Ada marah….ada benci…

Ada asa…ada cita, ada cinta…

Dan terselip sesal yang begitu dalam,

Sesal yang begitu menyakitkan dan menyesakkan…

Sesal yang akan kubawa

Hingga akhir hidupku…..

Andai kutahu arti cintamu

Yang tersembunyi di balik wajah garangmu

Andai kutahu arti sayangmu

Yang tak dapat kubaca lewat sikap tegasmu

Andai kutahu arti cemasmu

Yang kuanggap berlebihan bila kucoba tuk melangkah

Andai aku tahu, Ayah…..


Setelah kau tiada

Dan umurku bertambah

Baru aku sadari semua makna kasih tulusmu

Yang tak pernah berhenti mengalir dari hatimu


Dalam kelam dan sepi hatiku yang menggigit

Sejuta kata maaf ingin kuungkap padamu

Dalam simpuh diri penuh sesal tak berujung

Dan andai waktu lalu bisa kulewati

Ingin aku memelukmu dan mendengar suaramu…

Dengarkan kembali dendangmu

Saat kau gendong aku lelap


Kan kuturut jejakmu

Karena hanya itu caraku ungkapkan cintaku

Dan caraku tuk ucapkan

Aku rindu padamu, ayah….

Dan aku bangga jadi anakmu…

Ayah ….